The term "Sumerian" is an exonym a name given by another group of people,
first applied by the Akkadians. The Sumerians described themselves as "the
black-headed people" which could mean black hair people and called their
land , "place of the Civilized Lords". The Sumerians, with a language, culture,
and, perhaps, appearance different from their Semitic neighbors Arabs and
successors were at one time believed to have been invaders, but the archaeological
record shows cultural continuity from the time of the early Ubaid period
4500 BCE -5200 BCE settlements in Southern Mesopotamia. In fact, the Sumerian
language is replete with terms for canals, dikes, and reservoirs, indicating
that Sumerian speakers were farmers who moved down from the North after
perfecting irrigation agriculture there ,
By the time of the Uruk period 3100 BCE -4500 BCE calibrated, the volume
of trade goods being inexpensively transported along the canals and rivers
of southern Mesopotamia facilitated the rise of many large temple-centered
cities where centralized administrations could afford to employ specialized
workers. It is fairly certain that it was during the Uruk period that
Sumerian cities began to make use of slave labor, and there is ample evidence
for captured slaves as workers in the earliest texts. Artifacts, and even
colonies of this Uruk civilization have been found over a wide area -
from the Mediterranean sea in the west, to the Taurus mountains in Turkey
and as far east as Central Iran.
The Uruk period civilization, exported by Sumerian traders and colonists
had a stimulating and influential effect on surrounding peoples who gradually
evolved their own comparable, competing economies. The cities of Sumer could
not maintain remote long-distance colonies purely by military force; but
probably had representive rule in placed the Sumerians seem to be limited
to Southern Mesopotamia, although very early rulers such as Lugal-Anne-Mundu
are indeed recorded as expanding to neighboring areas as far as the Mediterranean,
Taurus and Zagros Mountains and not long after legendary figures like Enmerkar
and Gilgamesh, who are associated in mythology with the historical transfer
of culture from Eridu to Uruk.
In the earliest known period Sumer was divided into several independent
city-states, whose limits were defined by canals and boundary stones each
was centered on a temple dedicated to the patron God or Goddess of the city
and ruled over by a priest or king, who was intimately tied to the city's
religious rites, some of the major cities included Eridu, Kish, Lagash,
Uruk, Ur, and Nippur, as these cities developed they sought to assert primacy
over each other falling into a millennium of almost incessant warfare over
water rights, trade routes, and tribute from nomadic tribes.
Historian Alan Marcus says:
"Sumerians held a rather dour perspective on life "One Sumerian wrote:
"Tears, lament, anguish and depression are within me, suffering overwhelms
me, evil fate holds me and carries off my life, malignant sickness bathes
"Another wrote, "Why am I counted among the ignorant? food is all about,
yet my food is hunger, on the day shares were allotted my allotted share
2600 BCE 1st military war panel scene set for religious
world governance and 2400 BCE for later instalment
of king Akkad for the chess game king verses king and
the culling of the mases with
hidden (Hawk) JERWY of The Chosen Ones of God.
The standard of Ur. There are two sides of this panel made in mother of
pearl and shells from Bahrain, cowry
or shell money
was an ancient currency, the precious blue stone Lapis Lazuli from
the mountains of Northern Pakistan and the wood probably from Syria, Turkey
or the mountains of Lebanon.
This side is of a High Priest and WAR scene shows at the bottom fallen
figures trodden over by chariots and horses (see red arrows), they are
all identical same race of people, the bottom fallen figures are naked
as well as the captured figures on the second and top row, their nakedness
could indicate them as nothing or run away slaves or people to become
slaves, soldiers or priest? which are brought back to a high priest shown
larger in size than all the rest on the top row middle centre who has
left his chariot and stands holding something in his hand which could
be a symbolic tool for weaving wool? indicating the captured are like
a commodity of sheep.
Sumerians look light skinned and probably the ancestors of the God Chosen
religious race of modern day Jews from their characteristic appearances;
short fore head and distinct large nose, there origins could be Middle
Eastern from Northern Saudi Arabia countries e.g; Jordan or brought down
from the Asiatic countries regions e.g; from Northern Iran, Georia or
East Turkey via the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
This "WAR" and "PEACE" chest was found in the UR Royal
Burial tomb, where 68 sacrificed females were found in what was called
the "Death Pit" which wore headdress very similar to the present
day traditional head gear worn by females from Iran (ancient Elam) and
Georgia and Northern Saudi Arabia countries.
(See below image) The ancient Hittites and Khazars could also be related
to the Sumerians since it is said they relate there Ancestory back to
Abraham from UR of Chaldees. Sumarian called themselves black headed people
which probably could mean black hair people. In the chest scence all the
figures seem to have shaven religious priest
Sumerian female headdress from the Royal burial tomb called the "Death
Southern Iraq 2600 BCE ( REFSourceNFO
The domestic horse (coming from Asia) did not appear in Sumer until the
Ur III period - one thousand years after the Uruk period ended. 3100 BCE-
City walls defended Sumerian cities. The Sumerians engaged in siege warfare
between their cities, and the mudbrick walls failed to deter foes who
had the time to pry out the bricks. Sumerian armies consisted mostly of
infantry, light infantrymen carried battle-axes, daggers, and spears the
regular infantry also used copper helmets, felt cloaks, and leather kilts.
The Sumerian military used carts harnessed to onagers, these early chariots
functioned less effectively in combat than did later designs and some
have suggested that these chariots served primarily as transports.
Economy and trade
Discoveries of obsidian from far-away locations in Anatolia and lapis lazuli
from Northeastern Afghanistan, beads from Dilmun modern Bahrain, and several
seals inscribed with the Indus Valley script suggest a remarkably wide-ranging
network of ancient trade centered around the Persian Gulf.The Epic of Gilgamesh
refers to trade with far lands for goods such as wood that were scarce in
Mesopotamia. In particular cedar from Lebanon was prized. The Sumerians
used slaves, although they were not a major part of the economy. Slave women
worked as weavers, pressers, millers and porters. Sumerian potters decorated
pots with cedar oil paints. The potters used a bow drill to produce the
fire needed for baking the pottery. Sumerian masons and jewelers knew and
made use of alabaster, calcite, ivory, gold, silver, carnelian and lapis
The Sumerians are perhaps remembered most for their many inventions,
many authorities credit them with the invention of the wheel and the potter's
wheel. Their cuneiform writing system was the first we have evidence of
pre-dating Egyptian hieroglyphics by at least seventy five years. They
were among the first formal astronomers, they came up with the concept
of dividing the hour into 60 minutes and the minute into 60 seconds, they
may have invented military formations, perhaps most importantly, the Sumerians
ushered in the age of intensive agriculturalism in Ancient Mesopotamia.
Einkorn and Emmer wheat, sheep and cattle were foremost among the species
cultivated and raised for the first time on a grand scale.
Tower of Babel- Southern Iraq.
Shinar Southern Iraq.
|In Genesis chapter 11 of the Bible the Tower of Babel was
"All People Under One Roof "
but due to different languages problems the work stopped and
the builders were then scattered to different parts of the world
||A mosque built on the site where according to
Muslim tradition the prophet Abraham was
born. Sanliurfa also Urfa formerly Edessa is a city in Eastern
|Today the visitor to the town can visit the mosque complex
surrounding Abraham's cave and the
pool of sacred fish.
Turkey's Mount Ararat
The Book of Genesis identifies this mountain
range as the resting place of
Abraham seed Noah and his Ark after the Great Flood by God.
Satellite picture of Mount Ararat
metres (16,854 ft)
|Age of rock:
the past 10,000 years
Mount Ararat the tallest peak in modern Turkey is a snow-capped
dormant volcanic cone located in the far Northeast of Turkey and
South of Armenia.
Even though the mountain is located in Turkey, Ararat is the
national symbol of Armenia,
where it is sometimes called Masis and was once Armenian territory
until it fell to the Turks.
The original Armenian name for the country ,
later Hayastan, translated as the land of
According to legend, Haik was a great-great-grandson
Son of Togarmah who was a son of Gomer, a son of Noah's
son Japheth, and according to an ancient Armenian
tradition a forefather of all Armenians he is said
to have settled below Mount Ararat travelled to assist
in building the Tower of Babel
Hayq was given the name Armenia by the surrounding
states as it was the name of the strongest tribe living
in the historic Armenian lands who called themselves
Republic of Armenia is a member
of the Council of Europe and the Commonwealth of
Independent States and for centuries has been on
the crossroads between the East and West. Armenia
has been populated by humans since prehistoric times
and has been proposed as the site of the Biblical
Garden of Eden.
Armenia was a regional empire with a rich culture
in the years leading up to the 1st century, spanning
from the shores of the Black Sea to the Caspian
Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. After a short-lived
independent republic established after the Bolshevik
Revolution in Petrograd Armenia was incorporated
into the USSR between 1922 and 1936 it existed as
the TransCaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
with Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan and from 1936
to 1991 as the Armenian SSR.
During the final years of the Ottoman Empire (1915-1922),
a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia
perished as a result of what is termed the Armenian
|Coat of arms
Coat of arms of
consists of an Eagle and a Lion supporting
a shield. The coat of arms combines new and old symbols
the Eagle and Lion are ancient Armenian symbols dating
from the first Armenian kingdoms. The shield itself
consists of many components in the center is a depiction
of Mount Ararat where Noah's ark supposedly came to
rest after the great flood.
Subsequently foreign powers ruled Armenia until 1918.
This coat of arms originates from that period and
the sword at the bottom symbolizes the end of outside
rule and a desire to defend Armenia
|A cross in Sumerian cuniform script
= sheep SourceNFO
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region. Located
at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe,
it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea to the
North by Russia, to the South by Turkey and Armenia.
Georgian Colchis was an ancient kingdom and region
on the coast of the Black Sea centered in present-day
western Georgia (North of Iran).
Georgian Colchis is perhaps best known for its role
in Greek mythology most notably as the destination
of the Argonauts and the Golden
fleece sought by Jason and the Argonauts.
The incorporation of the Golden Fleece into the myth
may have derived from the local practice of using
fleeces to sift gold dust from rivers.
|Sumerian Golden Ram from the Royal
tombs of UR called the "Death Pit" Mesopotamia
from modern day Southern Iraq 2600 BCE SourceNFO
|| Ancient Bahrain Death Mound Pyramid, Kofun
Arab Bahrain has
been populated by humans since prehistoric times, and has even been
proposed as the site of the Biblical Garden of Eden.
Meeting Home of The Gods Ea or ENKI and NINKI who
were to live together on the Island of Dilmun a paradise land some
thought to present day Bahrein.
Story of Gilgamesh searching for eternal life decides to find Utnapishtim
who has lived in Dilmun since before the flood.
The Kingdom of Bahrain or Bahrein is a borderless Island Nation in
the Persian Gulf.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia .
There are no recognized political parties or national elections.
The Holy Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is governed
on the basis of Priest-hood Religious Law's Shari'a.
The king is often classified as an absolute monarch, but his powers are
theoretically limited within the bounds of Shari'a Religious Islamic Doctrines
and must retain a consensus of other important elements in Saudi Arabian
Society, the state's ideology the king must spread further the funding construction
of Mosques Temples and Qur'an temple schools around the world.
The leading members of the Royal Family Priest-Hood Religious Leaders Choose
from among themselves with the subsequent approval of the - The Ulema.
Saudi kings have gradually developed a central government. Since 1953, the
Council of Ministers, appointed by and responsible to the king, has advised
on the formulation of general policy and directed the activities of the
growing bureaucracy. This council consists of a prime minister, the first
and second deputy prime ministers, 20 ministers of whom the minister of
defense also is the second deputy prime minister, two ministers of state,
and a small number of advisers and heads of major autonomous organizations.
Legislation is by resolution of the Council of Ministers, ratified by royal
decree, and must be compatible with the Religious Laws.
Justice is administered according to the Shari'a by a system of Religious
whose judges are appointed by the king on the recommendation of the Supreme
Judicial Council, composed of 12 senior jurists. The independence of the
judiciary is protected by law. The king acts as the highest court of appeal
and has the power to pardon. Saudi Municipal elections took place in 2005
as a first step to open the way to form political parties in the future.
Saudi courts impose capital punishment and corporal punishment, including
amputations of hands and feet for serious robbery, and floggings for lesser
crimes such as "sexual deviance" and drunkenness. The number of lashes
is not clearly prescribed by law and varied according to the discretion
of judges, and ranges from dozens of lashes to several thousand, usually
applied over a period of weeks or months.In 2002, the United Nations Committee
against Torture criticised Saudi Arabia over the amputations and floggings
it carries out under the Shari'a Religious Laws.
The Saudi delegation responded defending "legal traditions" held since the
inception of Islam in the region 1400 years ago and rejected interference
in its legal system. Religious police enforce a modest code of dress and
many institutions from schools to ministries are gender-segregated. homosexual
men and women are prosecuted sometimes publicly
executed, if they are found to be engaging in same-sex sexual activities.
|Coat of Arms ,
United Arab Emirates,
The Hunting Falcon
United Arab Emirates, Flags
United Arab Emirates ,Entity
contraversy with the US White House backing a deal to sell 6 major USA
Trading Ports, purchase from uk
Saudi Arabia is a destination for men and women from South and East Asia
and East Africa seeking work. Hundreds of thousands of low-skilled workers
from third world regions migrate voluntarily to Saudi Arabia. A minority
of these immigrants are trafficked for the purpose of labor exploitation,
begging, or involuntary servitude.
Many of these involuntary workers suffer from abuse, non-payment or delayed
payment of wages, the withholding of travel documents, restrictions on
their freedom of movement and non-consensual contract alterations.
The exit and entry visa cards ask applicants for their religious affiliation
and officially bans entry to the NOT Religious Mind Set.
Islam's holy book The Qur'an is Saudi Arabia's constitution, and Shari'ah
,Religious Islamic law is the foundation of its legal system.
One of Saudi Arabia's most compelling folk rituals is the Ardha,
the country's national dance. This sword dance is based on ancient
Bedouin traditions: drummers beat out a rhythm and a poet chants
verses while sword-carrying men dance shoulder to shoulder.
Islam forbids the eating of pork and the drinking of alcohol, and
this law is followed strictly throughout Saudi Arabia.
Public theatres and cinemas are prohibited, as Wahabbi tradition
deems those institutions to be incompatible with Islam.
However, in private compounds such as Dhahran and Ras Tanura public
theaters can be found, but often are more popular for local music,
arts, and theatre productions rather than the exhibition of motion
pictures. Recently plans for some cinemas that will allow Arabic
cartoons to be featured in cinemas for women and children were announced.
An institution found in Saudi Arabia is the Mutaween, or religious
police, also known as the Authority for the Promotion of Virtue
and Prevention of Vice. There are 3,500 officers assisted by
thousands of volunteers, whose job it is to enforce religious doctrine
Muslim Shari'a law as defined by the Saudi government and to root
out "un-Islamic" activities.
They have the power to arrest any unrelated males and females caught
socializing, and to ban consumer products and media, such as games
and toys, various Western musical groups, and television shows.
On March 11, 2002 the Mutaween prevented schoolgirls from escaping
from their burning school in Mecca because the girls were not wearing
headscarves and abayas black robes. Fifteen girls died and
50 were injured as a result. There was widespread public criticism,
and the Saudi government and religious leaders condemned the Mutaween
for their actions.
From : Columbia Encyclopedia. Source: answers.com
The Arab Empire
A vast empire which at its height stretched from the Atlantic ocean
on the West across North Africa and the Middle East to central Asia
on the East, the Arabs became the rulers of many different peoples
and gradually a great Arab civilization was built up although many
of its empire cultural leaders were not ethnically Arabs some were
not even Muslims but Judaeo-Christians, Jews of the Ambrahmic faiths.
As one from Mind Control and Fear