Panel standard of Mari shell limestone and bitumen, Mari Temple of Ishtar, Early Dynastic period, w:72 cm from the Early Dynastic - Northern Mesopotamian Period, 2900 BCE - 2350 BCE.

Found in Mari (Tell Hariri) much like the standard of Ur in style and content the standard of Mari (partly shown above) depicts scenes of war and victory. Due to its fragmented nature parts of the actual reconstruction of the Mari standard have been debated by scholars.

The above reconstruction shows prisoners being led before a bald-headed figure, much like those found in sculpted stone from several Early Dynastic temples representing high-level priests or rulers.
The central figure has been reconstructed as carrying an animal standard which is in fact a rein ring similar to the electrum one found in the death pit of Puabi in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. Both the Mari and Ur standards were constructed using a shell-inlay technique and bitumen.

Bernus-Taylor, Marthe and Annie Caubet. The Louvre: Near Eastern Antiquities. London: scala books, 1991, pg 23.
Source Berkley Education :Art and Archictecture of the Near East page location Northern Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic, 2900 BCE to 2350 BCE: scenes of war and victory


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