In total there are more than 3000 rock carvings occurring in
more than 200 panels in the World Heritage area in
| rock carvings tanum -
Since 1994 the rock
carvings in Tanum have been included on UNESCO's world
heritage list. The rock carvings is an outstanding example of
Bronze Age art (1800 - 600 BC).
Rock carvings are
images created by removing part of a rock surfaces by pecking
and carving. Other terms used are petroglyphs, engraving, rock
art and stone images and for the images other terms are signs,
figures, symbols or glyphs. Rock carvings are found around the
world and are associated with prehistoric cultures.
oldest rock carvings found are dated to the Neolithic and
Paleolithic time, about 10.000 to 12.000 years ago.
Northern Bohuslän (the red marked area on the map) has the
largest concentration of carvings anywhere in Scandinavia. The
carvings has the greatest variety of images that exist
anywhere in the north of Europe. Common images are cup marks,
discs, wheels, circles, animals, hands, foot soles, nets,
ships, warriors, deers, bulls, scenes of ploughing men,
hunting scenes and religious or ceremonial
Vitlycke marks the centre of the
World Heritage area in Tanum. Other major sites in the area
are Fossum, Litsleby, Aspeberget, Jörlov, Kalleby, Massleberg,
Fossum, Tegneby and Bro.
In total there are more than 3000
rock carvings occurring in more than 200 panels in the
There are many theories to explain
their purpose - astronomical markers, maps, symbolic
communication, forms of pre-writing, shamanism or as a result
of the genetically inherited structure of the human
The Nordic Bronze Age cirka 1800 - 600
The Nordic Bronze Age was
characterized by a warm climate comparable to that of present
day Mediterranean. In the end of the bronze age (circa 650 BC)
a radical change in climate brought in wetter and colder
Due to the climate change and the loss of
population Scandinavia had a cultural recession lasting for
about thousand years until the rise of another advanced
civilization, the Viking Age.
Panorama pictures of rock carvings,
Picture of Fossum panel. (Open in new
Picture of Vitlycke panel. (Open in new
Picture of Massleberg panel. (Open in
This book is the
outcome of a prolonged period of research and discovery
into the Bronze Age rock carvings of Bohuslan (Sweden) and
Over 100 of the most complex and varied
sites, containing many thousands of images, are presented in
new plans and photographs. The images, of boats, humans,
wheeled vehicles, wild and domesticated animals, ards, weapons
and other symbols demonstrate great variability. Over 800 rock
carving sites, and their contemporary monuments, are mapped
and described in terms of the evolving landscapes of the
period 1500 - 300 BC. The area explored in the book includes
the World Heritage region in western Sweden and the whole
territory of rock carvings examined forms one of Europe's
greatest prehistoric cultural treasures.
long-awaited follow up to The Modern Antiquarian, his
bestselling and critically acclaimed guide to ancient Britain.
The Megalithic European takes us on a breathtaking journey
around prehistoric Europe's first temples.