1166-1429
Frey catalogue New#1 - 28, Orig. #22 - 26

Icons on the coin photos indicate its © to the following auction firms. All photos with these icons are used with permission.
Fritz Rudolf Künker Munzenhandlung  
Numismatik Lanz München

LHS-Numismatik
(formerly Leu)

 
Gorny & Mosch
Auctiones AG Basel (now part of Münzen & Medaillen GmbH)  
Münzen and Medaillen GmbH
Classical Numismatic Group      

(Forward to 1430's)
# ISSUER DATE DENOMINATION OBV. LEGEND REV. LEGEND IMAGE
Castan
Cayon
550
Spain (Toledo) 1166 Obol +ERA MCCIIII
(This is the Spanish Es-Safar date, 1204, corresponding to AD 1166)
+TOLETVM
New 1 Denmark (Roskilde) 1234 Denier +ANNO:DOMINI
+:M:CC:XXX:IIII:
The 1234 Roskilde Denier (pfennig, penning, etc) holds the title of earliest coin with an Anno Domini date. Its story is quite remarkable and will be added soon. So far six have been found, but the coin was known as an oddity even back in the early 1800s when Joseph Mader first mentioned it in his large work on medieval coinage. It is also curious for having no mention of its place of origin, the mintmaster, or ruler.
Malloy 13,15* Damascus 1251 Dirham

Arabic: Struck in Acre year one thousand and two hundred and one and fifty of the incarnation (of the Messiah*).

One God, one faith, one baptism

*on Malloy 15 only

Arabic: His glory forever and ever, amen, amen

The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit: One Divinity


From Münzen & Medaillen GmbH Sale #13, Oct. 2003
Malloy 14* Damascus 1251 Half Dirham

Arabic: Struck in Acre year one thousand and two hundred and one and fifty of the incarnation

The father and the son

Arabic: One divinity, His is the glory forever and ever, amen

and the holy spirit

 
Malloy 9* Damascus 1253 Dirham

Arabic: In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

al-Malik al-Salih Imad ad-Dunya wa'l Din Isma'il b. Abi Bakr

Arabic: Struck in Damascus year one thousand and two hundred and three and fifty

al-Imam al-Mustansir billah Abu Ja'far al Mansur Amir al-Mu'minin

 
Malloy 10* Damascus 1253 Half Dirham

Arabic: In the name of God the Merciful

al-Malik al-Salih

 

Arabic: Year one thousand and two hundred and three and fifty

al-Imam al-Mustansir

 
 
New 2 Schönvorst-Sichem 1372 Turnose-groschen

Outer: ANNO DOMINI-MCCC:-LXXII

Inner: MON-ETA-SCOV-ORST

+RENARDxDNS:DE SCHOVORST Z SICH  
New 3 Aachen 1372 Turnose-groschen

Outer: +XC:VINCI-XC:REGN-AN:DNI:M.-CCC.LXXII.

Inner: + MON-ETA:IVNG-HEIT

+KAROLVS-MAG-NVS:INPERAT  
New 4 Aachen 1373 Turnose-groschen

Outer: +XC:VINCI-XC:REGN-AN:DNIM-CCCLXXIII

Inner: +MON-ETA:IVNG-HEIT 

+KAROLVS-MAG-NVS:INPERAT  
New 5 Aachen 1374 Turnose-groschen

Outer: +XC:VINCIT-XC:REGNA-AN:DNI.M.-CCCLXXIIII

Inner: + MON-ETA:IVNG-HEIT

 

+KAROLVS-MAG-NVS:INPERAT
Sold at AG Basel Auction 29, June 2003, $4680

This date is the true Holy Grail for most early-dated collectors, as the 1372 and 1373 Aachens are not extant and the 1372 Schoonvorst Groschen is locked up in a museum. 16 of these coins are known to be extant. The Aachen Turnosegroschens of the early 15th century represent the first series of early-dated coins that an example of are within the financial reach of average collectors.

New 6 Aachen 1375 Turnose-groschen  

Outer: +XC:VINCIT-XC:REGNA-AN:DNI.M.-CCCLXXV

Inner: + MON-ETA:IVNG-HEIT

+KAROLVS-MAG-NVS:INPERAT
New 7 Schönvorst-Sichem 1390 Turnose-groschen      
New 8 Schönvorst-Sichem 1391 Turnose-groschen +RENARD·DNS:DE:SCHOVORSTZSICH 

Outer:
ANNOD-OMINI-MCCC:-:LXXXXI

Inner:
MON-ETA-SCOV-ORST  


Sold at AG Basel Auction 29, June 2003, $1025
New 9 Schönvorst-Sichem 1392 Turnose-groschen      
New 10 Schönvorst-Sichem 1393 Turnose-groschen    
Sold at AG Basel Auction 29, June 2003, $1600
New 11 Schönvorst-Sichem 1394 Turnose-groschen      
New 12 Aachen 1402 Turnose-groschen    
New 13 Aachen 1403 Turnose-groschen    
New 14 Aachen 1404 Turnose-groschen    
New 15 Aachen 1405 Turnose-groschen    
New 16 Aachen 1406 Turnose-groschen      
New 17 Aachen 1409 Turnose-groschen      
New 18 Aachen 1410 Turnose-groschen      
New 19 Aachen 1411 Turnose-groschen    
New 20 Aachen 1412 Turnose-groschen    
New 21 Aachen 1413 Turnose-groschen      
New 22 Aachen 1418 Turnose-groschen    
New 23 Aachen 1419 Turnose-groschen    
New 24 Aachen 1420 Turnose-groschen    
New 25 Aachen 1421 Turnose-groschen    

New 26

Saurma
2812

Aachen 1422 Turnosegroschen
25mm, 1.65g

Outer:
+ANNO:DOMINI:MILESIMO:CCCC:XXII

Inner:
+MONETA:VRB'.AQVS' 

SES:KAROL:MA-G'.IPERATO' 
New 27 St. Gallen 1424 Plappart +MONETANOVA:SANT:GALLI  +SANTTVSGAL-LV:1424 


Sold at Leu Numismatik Sale #84, $8300

This is an extremely rare piece, only three being known to Dr. Cervin at the time of the 2000 printing of the Frey book. Leu Numismatik sold two of the pieces at its Auction 84 and both brought prices that attest to its scarcity. I am unaware of the location of the third piece. The 1424 St. Gallen is the first coin minted with a fully written anno domini Arabic date. The '4' is of the medieval style, but the '2' is interestingly engraved in the modern numeral form rather than the form 'Z' which is used on many later coins into the early decades of the 16th century.

New 28 Batenburg-Anholt 1424 Groschen      
22 Köln 1425 Groschen      
23 Mainz 1425 Weisspfennig    


Sold at Auctiones AG Basel Sale #29, $1600

24 Palatinate 1425 Groschen      
25 Köln 1426 Weisspfennig    
Sold at Auctiones AG Basel Sale #29, $760
26 Göttingen 1429 Körtling    
Sold at Classical Numismatic Group's Sale #57, $525


*Coins of the Crusader States, Alex G. Malloy, 2nd edition, 2004, Pg. 139
(Forward to 1430's)

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